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Colorectal Cancer

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Risk factors

Colorectal cancer is cancer of the colon and rectum, two important parts of the digestive system. Together, the colon and rectum form a long, muscular tube called the large intestine. The colon is the first five feet of the large intestine, while the rectum is the last six inches.

Symptoms and causes of colorectal cancer

Research has shown that people with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop colorectal cancer. In fact, colorectal cancer is most likely to occur as you get older, and more than 90% of people with this disease are diagnosed after the age of 50.

If you have colorectal polyps or growths on the inner wall of the colon and rectum, you are also at higher risk of developing colorectal cancer. Most polyps are benign, meaning that they are harmless, but some polyps like adenomas can become cancerous. Finding and removing adenomas can, therefore, reduce your risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Diagnosis and treatment

Screening tests can help Dr Elliot identify and remove polyps or cancer before you have symptoms. Finding and removing polyps reduces the risk of developing colorectal cancer too. A colonoscopy is the standard screening test for the detection of polyps and colorectal cancer. Dr Elliot may perform a colonoscopy if you have symptoms relating to colorectal issues or you are over the age of 50. During this procedure, tissue samples can be taken to conduct a biopsy and detect the presence of cancerous cells.