photo photo photo photo photo photo

Haemorrhoids / Piles

Contact Us

What are haemorrhoids?

Also known as piles, haemorrhoids are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum that cause pain and discomfort. Haemorrhoids can be present inside the anus or under the skin around the anus and are often the result of long-term straining during bowel movements.

Haemorrhoids are a very common problem for both women and men. In fact, it is estimated that about half of all individuals will have haemorrhoids by the age of 50. Haemorrhoids are also common in pregnant women because pressure caused by the foetus and hormonal changes can cause inflammation in the anal tissue. This tissue can also be damaged during childbirth, leaving pregnant women susceptible to the development of haemorrhoids.

Symptoms and causes of haemorrhoids

Haemorrhoids can develop from any increase in pressure in the veins of the lower rectum. Predominant sources of increased pressure include constipation, straining, diarrhoea, and sitting or standing for prolonged periods of time. Obesity and a poor diet along with your family history may add to your risk of developing haemorrhoids too. Pregnancy, ageing, chronic constipation or diarrhoea can also lead to the condition.

Diagnosis and treatment

A thorough evaluation and proper diagnosis are important at any time rectal bleeding occurs. Bleeding may also be a symptom of other digestive diseases such as colorectal cancer, bleeding ulcers or inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Dr Elliot will examine the anus and rectum at his rooms to look for swollen blood vessels that indicate haemorrhoids. A rectal exam will also be performed to feel for abnormalities too.

Dr Elliot will use an anorectal ultrasound probe to assess the size and nature of your haemorrhoids. To exclude any other cause for gastrointestinal bleeding, you will usually be given two fleet enemas, and we will pass a video endoscope into the rectum and left colon.